Today's theme is an allocation of cargoes and vessels. The allocation of cargoes and vessels is called vessel coordination. That is to allocate the collected cargo to each ship and determine the schedule for each ship.
The schedule for break bulk transportation is different from the schedule for container transportation, which has fixed dates and times, and is determined on a case-by-case basis based on cargo volume and profitability. In other words, even if shipment to Port A is carried out this month, there is no guarantee that shipment to Port A will be carried out on the same date and time next month.
The first step in coordinating vessel allocation is determining whether the cargo is suitable for RORO or LOLO handling. The cargo suitable for RORO handling is sorted as cargo to be loaded onto RORO ships such as Car carriers, and cargo suitable for LOLO handling is sorted into cargo to be loaded onto Conventional ships.
The second step is to determine which ship the cargo will fit on, taking into account the cargo's length, height, weight, etc.
The third step is that the cargo is grouped by loading and unloading ports, and adjustments are made to minimize the number of port calls of each ship while considering the loading capacity of each ship.
The fourth step is fine-tuning. Even if the cargo is suitable for RORO cargo handling and should be loaded on a RORO ship, if the cargo volume is too small to be profitable or if the loading date and Cargo Ready do not match, the cargo is sorted to a conventional ship. Through this process, the ship's schedule is determined. (Cargo Ready: This means that the cargo has cleared customs and is ready for shipping.)
As a result of ship allocation adjustment, even if multiple destinations are combined, if the cargo volume at the loading port is small and there is no prospect of profitability, transportation will be postponed.
The ideal way to adjust the allocation of vessels is to consider the possibility of additional loading at each discharging ports. Depending on the vessel allocation adjustment, the voyage profit and loss of the entire operating fleet will change greatly.